Iran became the first country to officially recognize Egypt after gaining its independence from Britain. The country opened its embassy in Cairo to improve relations between the two countries.
In 1928, a trade agreement was signed between Iran and Egypt, and the Iranian Chamber of Commerce was established in Cairo.
Around this time, the Iranian ambassador to Cairo arranged a meeting between King Farouk’s sister, Princess Fawzia, and the then Crown Prince of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. Political unity was praised by both sides.
Article 37 of the Iranian constitution, which stipulates that the crown prince’s mother must be of Iranian descent, had to be amended as a result of the union. The marriage took place in March 1939 at the Abdin Palace in Cairo. They had another wedding in Tehran.