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Reza Shah Pahlavi

Reza Shah Pahlavi is the first king of the Pahlavi dynasty.

His story is tied to a point on the border of Savadkuh and Firoozkooh. The point that Shah Abbas built and is now an inaccessible center.

Our story begins here. Where Nader Shah was assassinated, Reza Koodak lost his life and of course he was resurrected. He endangered the kings and saved another king from death: the Gaduk caravanserai. This is the story of Reza becoming king. Whatever you read: Reza Mirpanj, Reza Shastir, Reza Khan, Sardar Sepah, the founder of New Iran, or Reza Pahlavi.

He was born on March 15, 1974 in Alasht, in Savadkuh, Mazandaran. He was from a military family. His father was Abbas Ali Khan.

His grandfather, Murad Ali Khan Sultan, was a member of the Savadkuh Regiment who was killed by the British in the battle of Herat. His father married Noshafarin Irmelo, an immigrant girl from the Caucasus who lived in Tehran after the Iran-Russia war. His father, who died for unknown reasons, took Noshafarin, a six-month-old baby, to Tehran.

But in the neck, in the Gaduk caravanserai, the baby freezes and is thought to be dead. They are left next to the animals to be buried the next day. But the heat gives him new life. They come to Tehran.

سنگلج. His uncle. Now Reza’s mother is getting married to Dadash Beg. Nooshafarin’s brother, Abolghasem Bey, was the tailor of the Cossack House and eventually did not take care of Reza. He does not have much money and the child misses school. Reza, who turned 14, joins the Savadkuh regiment and is included in the reserve list. That is, if any of the riders becomes ill or absent, he will take his place. A child who was so small that he needed the help of others to ride a horse. When he was 19 years old, with the assassination of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar by Mirza Kermani, the Savadkuh Regiment left for Tehran to guard embassies and government centers.

He was the guard of the Dutch embassy in Tehran. There is a signature of him that shows the change of guard duty of this place and it is still kept in this place. Reza was then the chief of the bodyguards of the Russian Loan Bank in Mashhad, and after that he was appointed Vakil Bashi (Sergeant to Ostvar) of the Shast Tir company.

His skill in using Maxim machine guns earned him the title of Reza Maxim. During this period, he became known as a tough and stubborn soldier and gained prestige. Simultaneously with the Constitutional Revolution, he was one of the forces of Mohammad Ali Shah against the Constitutionalists, but after the conquest of Tehran in July 1288, he joined the Constitutionalists. Nine years later, along with Bakhtiari and Armenian cavalry, he was sent first to Zanjan and then to Ardabil to quell the revolts of supporters of Mohammad Ali Shah and the constitutional opposition. He went to war with Arshad al-Dawla’s forces and was promoted to the first deputy. In 1293, World War I broke out and pro-Russian Cossack soldiers fought against millions of German supporters.

He spent most of this period in western Iran and fought under the command of Abdolhossein Mirza Farmanfarma. He became better acquainted with politics during this period. He took command of the Hamedan Brigade during this period, which at that time was called the Hamedan Atriad. During this period, the command of the Cossack forces was dismissed on charges of connection and sympathy with the Bolsheviks. Historical speculation is that Reza Khan, because of his patriotism, was hostile to the Bolsheviks, who supported the Jungle movement.

This incident caused the name of Reza Khan to be mentioned. This incident is also known as Reza Khan’s first coup. Which was probably coordinated by Ahmad Shah Qajar. Reza Khan’s letters were signed two months after the incident as a brigadier general. He signed his letters under the title Reza Sartip. In practice, he was the spiritual commander of other Iranian officers, and his commander Staroselsky had to keep him satisfied.

Reza Shah was for some time the commander of the Sepah of the last Qajar government.

Sardar Sepah, when they entered Tehran victoriously from the south, there was dancing, celebrations and fireworks everywhere. Victory without bloodshed made him very lucky. Some were waiting for Ahmad Shah to return to oust him, but that was not possible. In January 1303, he did not consider it possible to continue working with the Shah and the Crown Prince. Mushir al-Dawla informed the assembly that this act, which means their removal, is not possible according to the constitution. Reza Khan was forced to accept, but wanted to be the supreme commander of the forces and the parliament to approve this. They accepted. On November 3, 1961, a decree was issued to hold elections to the Constituent Assembly. Reza Shah Pahlavi, on May 25, 1305, was crowned in a ceremony in Salam Hall. Timur Shah organized this ceremony and a new crown was designed and provided for the king and the new dynasty.

Reza Shah is called by his defenders the father of modern Iran, and some consider him an enlightened dictator based on enlightenment or what we call his intellectuals today. Has pursued a kind of authoritarian developmentalism.

He did his best to present a new concept of the king of work. During Reza Shah’s time, the gradual elimination of intellectuals such as Mohammad Ali Foroughi, Ali Akbar Davar, and Abdul Hussein Timurtash has been criticized.

In the first Pahlavi period, the new army, the University of Tehran, built the south-north railway. Parties such as the Modernist Party supported him, then the New Iran Party and the Progressive Party were his primary supporters, and then, of course, some of them, as opponents, were severely weakened.

Reza Shah was a defender of social reform. He established and expanded investor banks, chain stores, the Iranian communication network, and state-owned factories. He has been criticized for what is called the demise of constitutionalism, but he also has proponents who say it was the development of the spirit of constitutionalism.